With Its Rainbow Plumage, The Himalayan Monal Earned The Title Of The National Bird Of Nepal 

With Its Rainbow Plumage, The Himalayan Monal Earned The Title Of The National Bird Of Nepal 

We can’t easily take our eyes off the birds with vibrant and colorful feathers, such as the Himalayan Monal. Himalayan Monal is a magnificent gem of the mountains, adorned with rainbow plumage. It is scientifically known as “Lophophorus Impejanus”, and also called Impeyan Monal and Impeyan Pheasant. It belongs to the family of pheasants, inhabiting Himalayan forests and shrublands at elevations of 7000 to 15000 feet. 

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of the Himalayan Monal, exploring its characteristics, habitat, behavior, and significance in the Himalayan ecosystem.

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Physical Appearance of Himalayan Monal Bird

With Its Rainbow Plumage, The Himalayan Monal Earned The Title Of The National Bird Of Nepal 

The Himalayan Monal is a breathtakingly beautiful bird, measuring around 60 to 70 meters in length. Male Himalayan Monals display an array of iridescent rainbow colors on their plumage. They make a visual spectacle with a metallic green crest above their head, a copper-gold mantle on their back, and shimmering shades of blue, green, and purple on their wings and tails.

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On the other hand, females exhibit a subdued and earthen-toned appearance with mottled brown feathers that provide excellent camouflage in the mountain foliage. Females also have a white patch on their throats and a white stripe on their tails. 

You can see the prominent white rump of the bird when it is in flight. 

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Himalayan Monal Habitat

With Its Rainbow Plumage, The Himalayan Monal Earned The Title Of The National Bird Of Nepal 

As it is named, Himalayan Monal is native to the forests and shrublands of the Himalayas. However, its range extends from Afghanistan, and Pakistan through the Himalayas in India, Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan. It has also been located in some parts of Arunachal Pradesh, India.  

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This beautiful bird inhabits the steep, coniferous forests, and alpine regions of the Himalayas, at an elevation of around 2100 to 4500 meters. During winter months, it descends to 2000 meters. 

The Himalayan Monals primarily consume tubers, nuts, tender leaves, shoots, insects, and some invertebrates as well. They also dig in the snow for shoots and invertebrates. 

It is the National Bird of Nepal and the state bird of Uttarakhand, India.

With Its Rainbow Plumage, The Himalayan Monal Earned The Title Of The National Bird Of Nepal 

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Himalayan Monal holds a cultural significance in Nepal and is frequently mentioned in Nepali regional songs. It is often revered as a symbol of beauty, grace, and divinity, making it a true gem of the mountains. 

Its scientific name “Lophophorus Impejanus” is named after Lady Mary Impey, the wife of the British Chief Justice of Bengal.  

Conservation Status of Himalayan Monal

With Its Rainbow Plumage, The Himalayan Monal Earned The Title Of The National Bird Of Nepal 

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Due to its mesmerizing plumage that is highly prized, the Himalayan Monal poses a threat of poaching and illegal wildlife trade. Though it is assessed as a species of “least concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), it is vulnerable to habitat degradation by deforestation and infrastructure development. 

We should raise awareness about protecting this graceful beauty of the Himalayas, understanding their cultural significance and importance in our planet’s ecosystem. 

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