Meet The Pygmy Marmoset Monkey: A Finger Monkey And Nature’s Smallest Primate

Pygmy Marmoset Monkey

Nature is full of wonders and one such example is the Pygmy Marmoset Monkey that is also known as the Finger Monkey. It is one of the world’s smallest primates, at just over 100 g. 

The Pygmy Marmoset Monkeys are native to Western Amazon Basin in South America and generally found in evergreen and riparian woodland. 

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They are a species of small New World monkeys and belong to the family Callitrichidae.

Known as nature’s little marvel, these pint-sized primates never fail to captivate the attention of people and hence they’ve also become a favorite exotic pet for many people. 

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In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of Pygmy Marmosets, their endearing features, and their uniqueness in the animal kingdom.

Pygmy Marmosets are the world’s smallest primates.

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Pygmy Marmosets

Pygmy Marmosets have a head-body length of around 117 to 152 mm and a tail of length 172 to 229 mm. Their average body weight is just 100 g.

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They have colorful furs with a mixture of brownish-gold, gray, and black on their back and head, and yellow, orange, and tawny on their underparts. They have white flecks on their cheeks and a white vertical line between their eyes.

Ultimate capabilities for pertaining in trees.

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Pygmy Marmoset Monkey

The Pygmy Marmoset Monkeys are highly adaptable for arboreal living: they can rotate their heads 180 degrees and have sharp, claw-like nails to aid them in clinging to branches and the trunk of trees. They can walk on all four limbs and can jump up to 16 feet between branches. 

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Pygmy Marmosets are endemic to Western Amazon Basin- Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

Pygmy Marmoset

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However, they can be found all over the western Amazon Basin but their population density depends on the availability of food and trees. They do not enter the top of the forest canopy and can be found between ground level and about 20 m into the trees. 

They are gum-feeding specialists or gummivores.

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Pygmy Marmoset

Pygmy Marmosets have a specialized diet of tree gum, and therefore they are also called gummivores. They have larger cecum than usual so that the gum could be broken down easily, in the stomach. They use their specialized dentition to gnaw holes in the barks of trees and vines, and eliciting the gum.

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When the gum puddles up in the holes, they lap it up with their tongues.

Their diet is also supplemented by nectar and fruits.

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Siblings also participate in the care of infant Pygmy Marmosets.

Pygmy Marmoset Monkey

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Pygmy Marmosets form care groups including parents, twins, and other siblings. 

Pygmy Marmosets are hunted highly due to their tiny appearance. They are threatened by habitat loss and pet trade because they’ve become a favorite pet for many people. However, in some countries it’s not legal to pet them or require special permits, but people do so, whether legally or illegally.  

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They are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 

By spreading awareness and educating people about their vulnerability we can save this exotic tiny creature. 

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